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Using Transgender Health Disparities to Understand Stigma
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Medical Sociology
Health Inequalities

How to Cite

Giffort, Danielle. 2019. “Using Transgender Health Disparities to Understand Stigma”. TRAILS: Teaching Resources and Innovations Library for Sociology, November. Washington DC: American Sociological Association.


This in-class activity examines how stigma impacts health care access and treatment. Stigma is a multifaceted process that emerges from five interrelated components, including labeling human differences, associating differences with negative attributes, separating "use" from "them," experiencing status loss and discrimination, and exercising power....

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Subject Area(s):
Medical Sociology
Resource Type(s):
Class Activity
Class Level(s):
Any Level
Class Size(s):

Usage Notes

This in-class exercise was designed for students taking an upper-division elective in medical sociology. Ideally, the in-class activity takes place after students have already learned the basics of medical sociology, including the social construction of illness and fundamental cause theory. Having said that, this activity could be adapted for use in...

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Learning Goals and Assessments

Learning Goal(s):

  1. To apply course concepts to real-world examples.
  2. To identify how different levels of stigma impact healthcare access and treatment.
  3. To develop potential solutions for health disparities that take into account the multifaceted nature of stigma.

Goal Assessment(s):

  1. Students will review publicly available data on transgender health to practice identifying abstract concepts in real-world situations.
  2. Students will hone their critical thinking skills by developing their own interventions for reducing transgender stigma while basing their interventions in course concepts and readings.

When using resources from TRAILS, please include a clear and legible citation.

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